"The Rutherfurds of that Ilk and their Cadets" by Thomas H. Cockburn-Hood
An early source of Rutherford genealogical data came from "The Rutherfurds of that Ilk and their Cadets" by Thomas H. Cockburn-Hood. Cockburn-Hood's work has been shown to have many mistakes and, more disturbingly, out and out fabrications. All of which, have been absorbed into various Rutherford genealogies since the 19th century and are unquestioned among many Rutherford researchers. Cockburn-Hood's work, particularly that concerning our Hunthill family, was absorbed into Scots Peerage without any academic adjudication. Through documentation, or the lack of it, much of this data/history has been shown to be untrue. Not everything in Cockburn-Hood is problematic, but any citation from that work should be doubled checked.
"The Rutherfords in Britain: a history and guide" by Kenneth Rutherford Davis
Refutation of Cockburn-Hood and Scots Peerage:
"The Rutherfords in Britain: a history and guide" by Kenneth Rutherford Davis was written primarily to "right the wrongs" of Cockburn-Hood and "Scots Peerage" by James Balfour Paul. Davis, an English Rutherford, made a life work of studying his maternal line. His scholarship is very highly respected among Scottish genealogists. Kenneth Rutherford Davis was a thorough researcher and had published a work on pre-roman English history. As such, KRD was a proven academic with access to original Rutherford records. Many Scottish records are still in manuscript form and have not been completely catalogued. He ferreted through these records, exposing many of Cockburn-Hood's mistakes and mythologies. As you might expect, KRD’s scholarship has not been all together welcome among some North American Rutherfords who were convinced that they were Scots. Having a nice neat "verified" line back to Robertus Dominus de Rodyrforde was the best thing since sliced bread.
Kenneth Rutherford Davis set about in a systematic way to correct both Cockburn-Hood and "Scots Peerage" in his 1987 genealogy, "The Rutherfords in Britain: a history and guide". In a very direct way, he addresses the problems in these works in the following sections of his investigation.
FORWARD: page xii, "The Rutherfords in Britain: a history and guide":
”Both earlier accounts of the main Scottish Border branches [COCKBURN-HOOD and SCOTS PEERAGE] were inaccurate, incomplete and sometimes muddled. Even the second of these, “SCOTS PEERAGE” entry dealing primarily with the Hunthill line and their ancestors [VII in 1910 corrected in IX in 1914] suffered from carelessness and omissions because its perfunctory research, relying on the first [COCKBURN-HOOD], overlooked important available documents.”
NOTES ON PREVIOUS PUBLICATIONS: page xv, "The Rutherfords in Britain: a history and guide":
“No one writes a book like this without any obligation to predecessors in the field. But the Rutherfords have been ill served, and the only previous family history [COCKBURN-HOOD], is a hundred years old, written before many sources were published, and shows its date in other ways. Much of it was inexcusably shoddy and caused a great deal of trouble to put right. That account and a notice in SCOTS PEERAGE were unsatisfactory and inadequate; marred by inaccuracy and fabrication, they evaded awkward issues and neglected the modest branches to which most of us belong.”
A TYPICAL USE OF THE ERRORS IN SCOTS PEERAGE - STIRNET’S RENDITON OF SCOTS PEERAGE ASSERTS THIS IS THE HUNTHILL DESCENT: http://www.stirnet.com/HTML/genie/british/qr/rutherford1.htm
1. Robert of Rutherfurd (a 1388)………[see below]
2. George Rutherford of Chatto (d before 06.02.1429-30) m. Jonet Rutherford
3. Robert Rutherford of Chatto (a 1484, d before 05.1495) m. Margaret Glendinwyn (daughter of Sir Simon Glendinwyn of that ilk)
4. Robert Rutherford of Chatto ancestor of later Rutherfords of Chatto m. Janet
STIRNET’S RUTHERFORD/HUNTHILL DATA COMES DIRECTLY FROM COCKBURN-HOOD VIA SCOTS PEERAGE:
“Border raids were of common occurrence and one of the most memorable was at Lammas in 1388, which ended in the Battle of Otterburn. James, Earl of Douglas [Jean Douglas de Rutherfurde's grandfather], had collected four or five thousand men in Jed Forest not far from Edgerston, and had entered England by the pass at the east end of the Carter, the place which the “fortlet” at Edgerston had been erected to guard. After a successful raid which extended beyond Newcastle, the Scottish invaders were returning carelessly homeward when they were overtaken by the English at Otterburn and Douglas according to Douglas’s Peerage of Scotland was killed. Robert Ruthirfurde of Chatto contributed to the victory gained by his countrymen, and bore afterwards the designation of “Robin with the Tod’s Tail,” a sobriquet honorably gained by him on the memorable morning, August 5, 1388. In the early dawn, he led a band of trusty followers round back of a hill with, for want of a better standard, the tail of a fox fixed on the end of his lance. Falling upon the flank of the English, he aided materially in gaining the victory at Otterburn.”
ALSO FOUND IN:
1 - "The Rutherfurds of that ilk and their Cadets", 1884, [T], page 26 2 - “Genealogical History of the Rutherford Family” WKR, 1969, volume I page 11 [citing Cockburn-Hood]
THE ABOVE MENTIONED “ROBERT OF RUTHERFURD” (a 1388) IS SPURIOUS - PLEASE SEE: "The Rutherfords in Britain: a history and guide" - CHAPTERS IV AND V pages 53-115:
“The supposed founder Robert, COCKBURN-HOOD said gained the sobriquet 'Robin with the tod's tail' at the battle of Otterburn on August 15, 1388 when, separated from the main Scots force, he fixed a fox's brush to his lance as an improvised standard and fell on the English flank to good effect - a yarn he must have invented. A son of Sir Richard could then be of military age, but no Robert is named among those captured with him, and there is no record of any Robert at that time. COCKBURN-HOOD's alleged grant to him in 1424 was in fact to George, his supposed son. SCOTS PEERAGE thought the imaginary Robert perhaps made a second marriage with Joan, daughter of Sir Henry de Heton of Northumberland, who by 1404 took as husband a Robert Rutherford in a forced alliance………….” – KRD page 53
FURTHER EXPLANATION OF THE ERRORS FOUND IN SCOTS PEERAGE - "The Rutherfords in Britain: a history and guide":
“The Hunthill Rutherfords, best known because of their peerage in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and their cadets - real or attributed - COCKBURN-HOOD derived from a Robert who he averred was second son of Sir Richard of that Ilk (d.1424/5). SCOTS PEERAGE swallowed this story and gave the Hunthill genealogy in some detail which needs much correction. These accounts placed several members in generations quite incompatible with their recorded dates, and ascribed a number of ladies for whom there is no evidence of paternity; this section deals with such individuals in their reputed place, with necessary comments.” – KRD page 53
THE CADETS OF CHATTO AND FALLA - "The Rutherfords in Britain: a history and guide"
“These sprang [Chatto and Falla], said COCKBURN-HOOD, from 'Robert of Chatto, second son' of Robert of Chatto (c.1410-1490/5) who acquired the Hunthill estate that went to his heir George, while Chatto according to COCKBURN-HOOD passed to the younger son Robert, whose wife's name he gave as Janet. Evidence for any such Robert is however altogether missing! It can be said that Rutherfords at Chatto must have been descended from the first 'Robert but extensive gaps remain in their story, and it is possible that they were not all of one line but merely an assortment of Hunthill cadets allowed occupation there at various times. It is to be feared that COCKBURN-HOOD's account was largely spurious. COCKBURN-HOOD declared the imaginary Robert had two children, Thomas of Chatto who died in 1540 and married Elizabeth daughter of an Ormiston of that Ilk - but there seems to be no trace of him either and JONET.” – KRD page 91
FYI - ”Thomas H. Cockburn-Wood [sic]” was an obvious typo made by Stirnet - passed along and misinterpreted by others. Thomas H. Cockburn-Hood should not have been confused with John Philip Wood who edited Douglas’s Peerage in 1813 a full decade before Thomas H. Cockburn-Hood was born. In any case, the John Philip Wood edition of Sir Robert Douglas’ Peerage of Scotland is not the edition challenged by KRD. In question are two editions which were the responsibility of the Lord Lyon, Sir James Balfour Paul in 1910 and 1914. KRD clearly demonstrates that James Balfour Paul used flawed data drawn directly from COCKBURN-HOOD and overlooked chronology that simply does not make sense.
It's my opinion that KRD and WKR struck a de facto genealogical truce, or at least, made a division of labor based on the difficulties of Cockburn-Hood's work. The division of labor appears to be that KRD wouldn't venture into the world of American Rutherfords and this was reciprocated. WKR printed new editions which purged Cockburn-Hood and acknowledges KRD’s work when it came to the "Rutherfords in Britain". This sounds like a logical thing to have done, considering their backgrounds.
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"Genealogical History of the Rutherford Family" by William Kenneth Rutherford [1969, 1979 and 1986]
In North America, an important source of Rutherford genealogical data has been a privately published work in three editions called "Genealogical History of the Rutherford Family" by William Kenneth Rutherford. WKR’s 1969 work drew heavily from Cockburn-Hood which was published in Scotland 80 to 100 years earlier. WKR, in good faith, used these problematic materials as fact and attempted to connect what he thought was his Rutherford line with Cockburn-Hood’s pedigrees. In this way, many of Cockburn-Hood's mistakes were absorbed into WKR’s 1969 work and have become "unquestionable" among many Rutherford researchers ever since. At present, there are at least 7 Rutherford family web pages that come directly out of Cockburn-Hood and bear witness to this problem. The pedigree shown below was taken from Cockburn-Hood by William Kenneth Rutherford and was included in his 1969 edition of "Genealogical History of the Rutherford Family". It was abandoned in his 1979 and 1986 editions. By 1986 WKR did admit that Robert Rutherford of Essex County, VA was not the son of Adam Rutherford of Hall. Without directly retracting his 1969 materials, WKR asserted that Robert Rutherford was now 'probably' the son of English emigrant John Rutherford. Please see WKR's 1986 edition, volume 1, pages 140-141.
This 1969 WKR pedigree DOES NOT connect the Rutherfurds of Edgerston and the Rutherfords of Hunthill to Robert Rutherford of Essex County, VA: 1 - Robertus dominus de Rodyrforde 2 - Gregory de Rothirforde 3 - Hugo de Rodirforde 4 - Sir Nichol de Rothirforde I 5 - Sir Nichol de Rothirforde II 6 - Sir Robert de Ruthirfurde 7 - Sir Richard de Ruthirfurde of that ilk 8 - William de Ruthirfurde 9 - Sir Richard de Rutherfurde 10 - Robert de Ruthirfurde 11 - Sir George Rutherfurd of Chatto 12 - George Rutherfurd of Longnewton 13 - Patrick Rutherford 14 - John Rutherford of the Knowe I 15 - John Rutherford of the Knowe II 16 - Andrew Rutherford of Hall 17 - Adam Rutherford of Hall 18 - Robert Rutherford of Essex County, VA It's my opinion, that in his effort to prove that his southern Rutherfords were Scottish, WKR incorrectly entangled many proven Scottish families with his own. In any case, in 1987 KRD systematically laid to rest the veracity of Cockburn-Hood. In his 1979 edition, WKR simply replaces Cockburn-Hood with "Scots Peerage" for much of his early Scottish work. Problem is, the data in "Scots Peerage" by James Balfour Paul also comes directly from Cockburn-Hood. Wisely, the WKR 1979 edition claims no connection to any Scottish line for Robert Rutherford of Essex County, VA and deletes 17 Rutherford generations which were listed in 1969. Those who purchased the 1969 edition should be warned of the changes in the 1979 and 1986 editions. The pedigree displayed above was NOT continued by William Kenneth Rutherford in later editions. To repeat, WKR stops all pretense in his 2nd and 3rd editions of any Scottish line for Robert Rutherford of Essex County, VA. In fact, his 1979 edition lists no father at all for Robert Rutherford.
WKR's 1986 position:
"No record of the immigration of Robert Rutherford of Essex County, Virginia, has been found so it is assumed that he was born in Virginia. The John Rutherford who came in the Warwicke was probably the father of Robert Rutherford of Essex County, Virginia, as no other Rutherford immigrant was cited in 'Cavaliers and Pioneers' who would have been the proper age and in the right location to be the father of Robert Rutherford." - William Kenneth Rutherford 1986
Kenneth Rutherford Davis writes William Kenneth Rutherford; “I was interested to read your premise that Robert Rutherford of Essex County, Virginia, might be the son of John Rutherford who came to Elizabeth City in 1621. Very likely. My own guess, in the circumstances of the time, is that John - who probably sailed from London or somewhere in Devon - came from the London area and was only a generation back derived from Northumberland or Durham on the English Borders. He could well have been closely related to my ancestors of that time. It is quite unlikely, knowing the political set up then that he came from Scotland anywhere. Although under the same King, Scotland was a foreign country until 1707 (the Act of Union) and Scotsmen were disliked here until c. 1800. But of course, as with my own supposed line, the ultimate origin was Roxburghshire.” - Kenneth Rutherford Davis, 27 May, 1984, Potters Bar, England
By in large, William Kenneth Rutherford's work is excellent when it deals with North American data and got much better with it's Scottish materials after WKR and KRD discovered each other's work and began to communicate. Despite the problems, we Rutherfords owe a great debt to these two men. William Kenneth Rutherford's major contribution was in compiling Rutherford records that were sent to him by family contributors. It's a good starting point for the beginning Rutherford researcher. Unfortunately, the genealogy of our ancestor Captain James Rutherford is not well illustrated in WKR's three editions of "Genealogical History of the Rutherford Family". In fact, WKR has published at least five separate works claiming that our James Rutherford of Lunenburg County, VA was the son of the aforementioned Robert Rutherford of Essex County, VA. There is no proof to support such an assertion. Not one primary or secondary source has ever been produced to even hint at a connection between our James Rutherford and Robert Rutherford of Essex County, VA.
It should be noted that the name Robert Rutherford of Essex County, VA was transliterated at a later date from RETTERFORD - REDEFORD - RUDDEFORD - RUDIFORD and RUDDIFORD. It may exist, but I've yet to find a primary source where he uses the surname Rutherford.
The idea that ALL RUTHERFORDS ARE RELATED has become well entrenched among certain researchers. WKR and KRD both were convinced that all Rutherfords, Scottish and English, were connected. The DNA testing has proven this to be untrue. The Rutherfords of Paxtang, PA, Trenton, NJ and Cub Creek, VA were all Scots-Irish Presbyterians, Robert Rutherford of Essex County, VA [WKR 1986 volume 1, pages 140-141], was not. If all Rutherfords come from a single distant ancestor, the descendants of Robert Rutherford of Essex County, VA should have DNA matches with the Scots and Ulster-Scots Rutherford families. As of yet, there are no matches. This constitutes proof beyond a reasonable doubt that there are several different Rutherford families. Interestingly, there are DNA matches with the Moffatt/Moffett family and demonstrably they are NOT Rutherfords.
Moffet DNA Site:
The Rutherfords. A number of DNA matches are occurring between members of this cluster and males with the surname “Rutherford” or “Retherford”. Currently there are four distinct Rutherford males who should be considered part of this family clustering. Their DNA results include the rare 385a marker value. All four males can trace their families to colonial Virginia through historic records; though no common ancestor has yet been discovered for them. Based on small changes in the marker values at DYS CDYb and DYS 442, it is believed that this cluster shares a common ancestor with the descendants of Benjamin Moffett and Elizabeth Daniels.
Two of the Rutherford males whose DNA matches this cluster could not have shared an ancestor before the 1740s, based on their pedigrees. As a result, it is probable that descendants of the following Rutherfords can trace their family lines to a “Moffat” male residing in Virginia in or before the 1740s: Reuben Robert Rutherford & Priscilla Staton, Reuben Rutherford & Mary Keesee, Henry Rutherford & Ruth van Meter, Archibald Henry Rutherford & Elizabeth Jane Glaze, John Archibald Rutherford & Mary A. Maddox, Charles Bennett Rutherford & Alfie Angeline Jones, Thomas C. Rutherford & Sarah Johnson, William R. Rutherford & Martha, Elijah R. Rutherford & Catherine Campbell and William Harrison Rutherford & Eliza Viola Wyrick.
American Rutherfords who trace their origins to Adam Rutherford (born abt. 1614 in Roxburghshire, Scotland, d. 1648, Jedburgh, Scotland) should be wary of making a genealogical connection without DNA testing to rule out a non-paternity event which may have occurred in this line in Virginia prior to the 1740s."
If it were not for the mistaken inclusion of our ancestor James Rutherford and his descendants into the family of Robert Rutherford of Essex County, VA, "Genealogical History of the Rutherford Family" would simply be listed here as a genealogical work on the Rutherfords of North America. No offense is meant toward the author, but it is our right to clear up the record of our own Rutherford family. We were not asked to have our ancestors included in these publications. I would encourage the serious researcher to obtain all three editions of "Genealogical History of the Rutherford Family" and sit down with each edition side by side and double check what is presented here. Then you'll be ready to understand the work of Kenneth Rutherford Davis.
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"Family Records and Events - compiled Principally from The Original Manuscripts in the Rutherfurd Collection" by Livingston Rutherfurd
A lesser known work on the family, was written by Livingston Rutherfurd - "Family Records and Events - compiled Principally from The Original Manuscripts in the Rutherfurd Collection". Only 150 of these books were ever printed, which is indeed unfortunate. Livingston Rutherfurd was a descendant of Major Walter Rutherfurd, son of Sir Lord John Rutherfurd of Edgerston and Lady Elizabeth Cairncross, heiress of Cairncross of Langlee. The book is essentially a collection of letters written to and from Scotland and within colonial America. Walter Rutherfurd's son was the man for whom Rutherford, New Jersey was named. Walter's wife was the Earl of Stirling's sister, Catherine Alexander. This family built a new Edgerston Manor in Bergen County, NJ in honor of the noble house of Rutherfurd where Walter was born. They knew the family genealogy very well and predating Cockburn-Hood had established a proven connection to the Earls of Mar, the Lords of Lindsays, the House of Stewart and the House of Bruce. The proof was "on the ground" so to speak, since a documented chain of peerages and property connected the Rutherfurds of Edgerston physically, legally and genealogically to the aforementioned families. Even though it was written between the initial publication of "The Rutherfurds of that Ilk and their Cadets" by Thomas Cockburn-Hood in 1884 and later additions/corrections in 1899 and 1903, this book is remarkably untainted by Cockburn-Hood. As the title says, the genealogy was drawn from "The Original Manuscripts in the Rutherfurd Collection". It includes several family trees, coats of arms and a Rutherfurd family history. This genealogy differs to a great extent with all of the Rutherfurd/Rutherford genealogies written before the appearance of Kenneth Rutherford Davis and his "The Rutherfords in Britain: a history and guide". In my opinion, essential reading for the American Rutherfurd/Rutherford researcher.
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"Genealogical History of the Descendants of John Walker of Wigton, Scotland, 1600-1902" by Emma Siggins White
Emma Siggins White and her husband John Barber Walker spent decades compiling information on the Rutherford, Walker and White families. She was a descendant of John Walker who married Katherine Rutherford in Wigton [Wigtown] Scotland on January 7, 1702. Her husband, John White was a direct descendent of the Reverend John White of Dorchester, a member of the Massachusetts. Bay Company who, along with Rev. Samuel Rutherford, was a Westminster Divine. Emma Siggins White and my great aunt Ora Z. Rutherford were born 7 miles apart in Attica and Chariton, Iowa and they attended the same church. My personal copy of Emma’s "Genealogy of the Descendants of John Walker of Wigton, Scotland" was given to our family by Emma’s daughter Rutherford White Lowery. Rutherford was known to the family as Ruth. Emma White was a genius as a Rutherford researcher. She took the highly dubious work of Thomas Cockburn-Hood and foccused on the known regional origins of Captain James Rutherford and his brothers Rev. Samuel Rutherford and Rev. George Rutherford. She knew they were from Nisbet and Crailing in Roxburghshire, so she focused her research only on that area. It should be noted that she began White-1902 with a somewhat lengthy discussion of the Rutherfords and in it she cites Walter MacLeod, "He [Rev. Samuel Rutherford] probably belonged to the family of Thomas Rutherford, who was the proprietor of Nisbet in 1580." [White-1902 - xxiii] Thomas Rutherford of Hunthill (c.1565-1618/9) is from our line. Thomas was the eldest son and heir of John Rutherford known as "the Cock of Hunthill". John Rutherford is our common ancestor with Sir Walter Scott, son of Anne Rutherford. Emma got the right family but the wrong child. We are descended from Thomas Rutherford of Hunthill's younger brother, William Rutherford of Littleheuch.
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Genealogy on the Internet
Mark Twain said, “History tells us that the truth is not hard to kill, but a lie told well is immortal.” ......... the internet harbors many "genealogists" busy achieving their immortality. Often unable to prove their own genealogical descent, they have become self proclaimed experts concerning everyone else's family. The cyber bullies on the internet all have one thing in common, they refuse to post their pedigrees. If for only one reason, I greatly respect the authors discussed on this page. For better or worse, they have all published their pedigrees and have exposed themselves to honest criticism and debate. Those who refuse to post their own pedigree demonstrate why genealogy is not a profession. Peer review, after all, is an essential part of true professionalism. Why should anyone listen to the rantings and ad hominem attacks of cyber bullies, when the bullies are hiding under their desks praying no one will notice the double standard?
Please see our links page. I'm sure you'll find the web pages very helpful.
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"The Rutherfords of Roxburghshire" by Ora Z. Rutherford Story and Gary Rutherford Harding 6 editions 1918 - 2002
Our family history has been privately published since the end of WWI. We are the descendants of James Rutherford of Lunenburg County, VA, a descendant of the Rutherford cadet of Hunthill. Our first editor was Ora Z. Rutherford, my great aunt - MA History 1911, The University of Chicago. Her work was carried on by my mother, Betty Jeanné Rutherford and I am currently family editor of "The Rutherfords of Roxburghshire". Unlike other publications, we have never tried to be a complete compendium of all Rutherfords, nor have we intruded into the research of other families. This web page represents only a small portion of the family record. We hope to add our maternal lines, Beard, Burchfield, Hyatt, Dunn, Smith, Burgess, McKinney and Ring in the near future.
We believe a family history should be more than just a list of dead people and vital statistics. Our family history is intentionally not a genealogy, it's an ethnology. Frankly, genealogy simply isn't good enough. Ethnology is wide ranging, open minded and accounts for both oral and written family traditions. The ethnological method is historically oriented and offers an explanation for extant cultures, languages, cultural diffusion, migration, and other historical processes. The study of kinship is a singular tool, one among many, within the ethnological method. There are good reasons why the major universities of the world do not offer degree programs in genealogy. For the same reasons, we would rather our family history be a complete look into the lives, historical periods and cultural practices of "The Rutherfords of Roxburghshire".
A Short Bibliography:
"The Rutherfords in Britain: a history and guide" by Kenneth Rutherford Davis Alan Sutton Publishing Gloucester 1987
“The Rutherfords of Roxburghshire” Ora Zelpha Rutherford Story and Gary Rutherford Harding privately published 1918 to 2002
"The Rutherfurds of that Ilk and their Cadets" by Thomas Cockburn-Hood published 1884 2nd edition 1899 3rd edition 1903 editors: Charles H. Carmichael and James Tait Scott Ferguson and Burness Company
"Family Records and Events - compiled Principally from The Original Manuscripts in the Rutherfurd Collection" by Livingston Rutherfurd Devinne Press, New York 1894
"The siege of Detroit in 1763 the Journal of Pontiac's Conspiracy and John Rutherfurd's Narrative of a captivity." Milo Milton Quaife and John Rutherfurd R.R. Donnelley 1958
"General Griffith Rutherford and Allied Families" by Minnie R.H. Long Wisconsin Cueno Press, Milwaukee, WI 1942
“Cub Creek Church and Congregation, 1738-1838” by Elizabeth Venable Gaines Presbyterian Committee of Publication Richmond, Virginia 1931
"The Gathering of the Clans" Part I - "The Rutherford Story", by Edna Rutherford Davey, 1955-1957 Part II - "The Hill and Allied Stories", by Ella Beatrice Hill, 1955-1957 Palo Alto, California, 1957
"The McPheeters Family Register - Scotland to America" Dr. Rev. William McPheeters privately published 1842 Staunton, VA The McPheeters Family by Helen McPheeters Rice privately published 1956
Emma Siggins White "Genealogical History of the Descendants of John Walker of Wigton, Scotland, 1600-1902" Kansas City, MO Tiernan-Dart Printing Company, 1902
Samuel Anderson Weakley and Mary Dickson Weakley "Southern Virginia Weakley Families and Their Descendants" privately printed – Nashville, TN, 1963 Evangeline Walker Andrews (editor)
"Journal of a Lady of Quality - Being a Narrative of a Journey from Scotland to the West Indies, North Carolina, and Portugal in the Years 1774 to 1776" Yale Univ. 1923
William Kenneth Rutherford "Genealogical history of the Rutherford family" privately published in three editions 1969, 1979 and 1986
Beryl Platts "Scottish Hazard - The Flemish Nobility and their Impact on Scotland" The Procter Press, London. 1985 & 1990 - 2 Volumes
Beryl Platts "Origins of Heraldry" The Procter Press, London. 1980
"The Flemish Nobility Before 1300" Dr. E. Warlop Kortrijk, Belgium 1975 - 4 vols. 1332 pages translated from the Flemish by James Bruce Ross
Galbert of Bruges "The Murder of Charles the Good, Count of Flanders" translated by James Bruce Ross 1960, Columbia Univ. Press, New York
"The Great Historic Families of Scotland" by James Taylor London, J.S. Virtue & Co., 1889 2 vols
"Jedburgh Abbey and the Abbeys of Teviotdale" James Watson Edinburgh:David Douglas1894
"An historical and descriptive account of Roxburghshire" by Alexander Jeffrey published in Edinburgh by Fraser & Co. in 1836
"A History of the House of Douglas from the Earliest times down to the Legislative Union of England and Scotland" by Sir Herbert Maxwell Published in London in the early 1900's.
"David Hume of Godscroft's 'The History of the House of Douglas' " edited by David Reid The Scottish text Society, 1996
"The Historical Families of Dumprhiesshire and The Border Wars" by C.L. Johnstone. First published in Dumfries, Scotland, 1859 reprinted for Clearfield Co, Inc. by Genealogical Publishing Co. Inc, Baltimore, MD
"Gordon Kinship" by Nancy S McBride page 87 - 93 "The Rutherford Family" McClure Print. Co., 1973
"Upper Teviotdale and the Scotts of Bucleuch a Local Family History" Oliver J Rutherford, Illustrated by T H Laidlaw Hawick: W & J Kennedy, 1887
William Anderson "The Scottish Nation; or The Surnames, Families, Literature, Honours, and Biographical History of The People of Scotland," A. Fullarton & Co London; 1871